What Are the Symptoms?
Not every woman who has fibroids has symptoms, so it is important to have regular health exams.
Following Are the Most Common Symptoms of Fibroids :
- Menstrual period lasting longer than a week
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Bloating or fullness in the stomach or pelvic area
- Pain in the lower stomach or pelvic area
- Pain with intercourse
- Reproductive issues, including infertility and miscarriages. Early labor can result from fibroids, but is rare.
What Are the Causes of Fibroids?
Fibroids' cause is unknown, but as many as three-quarters of women have them sometime during in their life .
Risk Factors for Fibroids Include :
- Age: fibroids generally appear after in women’s 30s and 40s (fibroids usually shrink after the menopausal transition).
- Race: African American women are two to three times more likely to develop fibroids than women of other races/ethnicities.
- Family history: women with a mother or sister who had fibroids are more likely to develop fibroids.
- Obesity: women who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop fibroids than women who are at a healthy weight.
- Diet: consuming a lot of beef and pork is linked to higher fibroid risk; conversely, consuming a diet that is rich in green vegetables lowers the risk of fibroids.
- Early menstruation: women who started menstruating before age 10 are at a higher risk for fibroids than women who started menstruating after age 10.
Fibroids Can Grow in Several Places :
- Submucosal: tumors grow into the uterine cavity.
- Intramural: tumors grow within the wall of the uterus.
- Subserosal: tumors grow outside the walls of the uterus.
- Penducluated: tumors grow on stalks coming out from the surface of the uterus.
-  Mayo Clinic Website, Uterine Fibroids, Rochester, MN: Mayo Clinic, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2015 from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/uterine-fibroids/basics/symptoms/con-2003790