Despite claims that thermography and ultrasounds are acceptable alternatives to mammograms, neither has been proven to be as good as mammography for routine breast cancer screenings. According to the American Cancer society, mammograms are still the best screening test available for breast cancer.
The two main types of mammography are film-screen mammography and digital mammography. Both involve a technologist positioning and compressing your breasts between two plates so that x-ray pictures can be taken.
In the United States, breast cancer is the second most common form of cancer among women. It is recommended that women above age 50 undergo mammograms every one to two years.
Mammography uses X-rays to take images of the breasts and identify cancer when it’s too small to be felt so it can be treated early and aggressively.
A new IOM report reviews evidence on breast cancer and the environment, explains the difficulties of studying environmental factors for breast cancer risk, and recommends future research along with ways to reduce breast cancer risk.